Australasian Science: Australia's authority on science since 1938

Articles related to diet

Browse: Weekend Treats Undo Healthy Weekdays
Feature: Going Gluten-Free: Only for Coeliac Disease?
Dietary trials have revealed that most people who associate gluten with intestinal discomfort do not have a reliable and reproducible response to gluten ingestion, and may even be harming their health by going on a gluten-free diet.
Browse: Fatty diets lead to daytime sleepiness, poor sleep Browse: Anti-Paleo Diet Boosts Life-Extending Hormone
Browse: Diet Influences Mental Health in Children
Separate studies have found a connection between diet and mental health in children.
Browse: Omega-3 Improves Paternity Success
Feature: Can Hookworms Cure Coeliac Disease?
Coeliac disease patients infected with hookworms can tolerate gluten-containing foods, revealing the potential for these parasites and their secretions to treat a range of inflammatory diseases.
Feature: The Other Red Meat on the “Real” Palaeodiet
Are we really willing to eat the authentic palaeodiet, even if it means taking up cannibalism?
Browse: B-Vitamins Help Depression Meds Browse: Fructose Hits Sweet Spot
Browse: Slow and Steady Does Not Win the Weight Loss Race
Fad diet
Feature: Are Fad Diets Worth Their Weight?
Fad diets continue to attract public attention with their promises of quick and easy weight loss, but the truth is that these diets are just a large serving size of smoke and mirrors.
Browse: Slow and Steady Does Not Win the Weight Loss Race Browse: Could a beetroot a day keep the doctor at bay?
Feature: Can Diet Be Tailored to Suit Our Genes?
Lifestyle factors such as a eating plenty of fruit and vegetables, getting a good night’s sleep and keeping physically active are the best way to help your genes keep you healthy.
Browse: How Much Gluten Is in “Gluten-Free” Food?
Feature: Does Red Meat Deserve Its Bad Reputation?
Returning to the tradition of eating “meat and three veg” for dinner may improve the eating patterns and nutritional status of Australians, and help to reduce rates of chronic disease.
Feature: Ancient Agriculture’s Role in Maternal and Infant Mortality
Ancient human remains have revealed evidence that the adoption of agriculture led to malnutrition in a mother, her foetus and other infants.
Browse: Female Fertility Linked to Selenium in Diet Browse: Spice Improves Fatigue and Memory
Browse: Gut Bacteria Help Asthma
Feature: The Truth About Carbs
Hardly a week goes by without some new study proclaiming the negative health effects of carbohydrates in our food, but are carbs really that bad for us?
Credit: showcake/Adobe
Feature: The Importance of Meal Times on Weight Loss
Our modern 24/7 appetite is disrupting natural gastric signalling oscillations to the brain. Restricting meal times could help weight loss and maintenance, particularly among shiftworkers.
Browse: Antioxidant Reduces Obesity and Diabetes Symptoms
Browse: Carrots and Parsley Assist Chemotherapy
New Zealand researchers have identified compounds in carrots and parsley that may lead to more effective delivery of chemotherapy treatments.
Browse: Celebrity Chef’s Bent Spoon
Browse: Nutrition’s Role in Early Psychosis Treatment
Credit: Yurok Aleksandrovich
Feature: Sugar Cravings
We all differ in our sensitivity to natural and artificial sweeteners, but how much of this is genetic and how much due to the influences of our sugar-fuelled culture?
Browse: Salt Unbalances the Immune System
food addict
Feature: Is Food Addiction Real?
Emerging research suggests that food addiction may be a previously unrecognised factor contributing to the rise in overweight and obesity.
Feature: Can Food Help Our Mood?
There is substantial interest in the role of nutrition in preventing and treating depression.
Browse: Artificial Sweeteners Trip Appetite Control Mechanisms
Feature: Facts and Furphies about Functional Foods
Bioactive ingredients are not magic bullets to fight against chronic diseases but have the potential to alleviate human ailments if their efficacy, bioavailability, appropriate dosage levels and safety in humans can be validated.
The ingestible gas sensor
Feature: A Capsule to Look Inside an Irritable Bowel
The impact of diet and illness on the gut can finally be revealed by swallowing an ingenious capsule that directly measures intestinal gases.
Browse: Diabetics Should Pause Paleo Diet
Cover Story: Losing Weight Subconsciously
Individuals vary widely in their ability to lose weight, with new evidence suggesting that up to 45% of the variability in weight loss is caused by individual differences in subconscious nerve activity.
Credit: iStockphoto
Cover Story: The Obesity Paradox
In the past 10 years there has been no increase in the fatness of kids, either in Australia or in many developed countries. At the other end of life, fatter adults are living longer than lean adults. What can be going on?
Cover Story: Does Eating Less Extend Life?
Dietary restriction extends the lives of species as diverse as yeast, flies and mice, but is this effect simply due to artificial conditions in the laboratory?
Image credit: enterlinedesign/adobe
Cover Story: A Diet that Calms the Schizophrenic Mind
The ketogenic diet favoured by bodybuilders also normalises schizophrenia-like behaviours.
Feature: Spoilt by Choice
Our supermarkets provide a wide variety of foods, so why do more than a billion people worldwide eat more poorly than hunter-gatherers? A study conducted in a Swiss chalet was the starting point to test a theory.
Feature: Are Green Tea and Berries the Answer to a Ripe Old Age?
Polyphenols found in plant-based foods may be all we need to live longer.
Credit: MartesiaBezuidenhout/adobe
Feature: The Stomach as a Target for Obesity
Obesity permanently changes the way our body processes gastrointestinal signals about satiety. While appetite suppressants have had limited success, the identification of an appetite-regulating nerve channel offers a new approach to keeping weight off.
Feature: Weighty  Issues
Is a switch to artificial sweeteners a smart alternative to sugar?
Browse: Protein Is the Key to Weight Loss
A new line of evidence has been produced to support the theory that overeating is largely driven by inadequate protein content in the modern diet.
Browse: Vitamin B Boosts Teenage Mental Health
Parents of teenagers should give their children vitamin B-containing foods if they wish to reduce the behavioural issues commonly associated with those years, a new study suggests.
Browse: Christchurch Earthquakes Shook Healthy Eating
A study at the University of Canterbury has found that earthquakes cause women to eat less healthy food, and provided evidence for the factors that maximise the effect.
Browse: Poor Maternal Nutrition Primes Child Obesity
Rats whose mothers were fed an unhealthy diet during pregnancy need more junk food to get the same hit, according to research published in FASEB. The mechanism appears to be a shortage of pleasure receptors in the brain.
Browse: Broccoli Each Day Keeps Asthma Away
Browse: Poor Nutrition Leads to Chronic Diseases Browse: Spice Improves Memory
Browse: Food Additive Prevents Weight Gain Browse: Processed Foods Linked to Harmful Chemicals
Browse: Aussie Diets Fail The Test Browse: Fatty Maternal Diet Changes Newborn Heart’s “Taste Buds”
Browse: Sweetness Is in the Genes Browse: Genes Lead Teens to Binge-Eat
Browse: Junk Diet’s Role in Dementia Browse: Paleo Diet Increases Weight Gain
Browse: Nutraceuticals Can Boost Antidepressants Browse: Dairy Avoidance at Dangerous Levels
Browse: Monkeys Snub Protein to Keep Warm in Winter The Bitter Pill: The Natural Logic of Health Care
It’s time to debunk the “natural is healthy and good and non-natural is unhealthy and bad” myth.
The Bitter Pill: Vitamins: Perception versus Reality
Which vitamins are backed by scientific evidence and which don’t live up to the hype?
The Bitter Pill: What The Egg Industry Doesn’t Want You To Know
The health claims of the egg industry rely on a red herring and a half-truth.
The Bitter Pill: Is Saturated Fat Good or Bad?
Populist TV, blogs and publications have portrayed saturated fats as healthy rather than dietary villains, but this is an oversimplification as it’s not valid to judge our complex dietary intake by only one component.
The Bitter Pill: Diet Gurus Ignore the Weight of Evidence in Guidelines
Diet gurus are blaming Australia’s obesity problem on government dietary guidelines they claim are unhealthy, when the real issue is that too few people follow them.
The Bitter Pill: The MINDD Foundation is Built on Shaky Ground
A forum held at The University of NSW, but not endorsed by it, has highlighted the spurious credibility that university settings give to groups making unsubstantiated health claims.
Eureka!: Looking at a Photo of Pizza Could Make Food Taste Better...
... and eating cake at breakfast can help you keep weight off.
Eureka!: Angry at Your Spouse? When Did You Last Eat?
Lower levels of blood sugar make us more likely to lash out, and the people we lash out at are often those we hold closest to our hearts.
Eureka!: A Piece of String is Better to Check for Body Fat than BMI
Body Mass Index may not be the best measure of obesity and risk of cardiovascular disease.
Expert Opinion: Too Much Added Sugar for Young Australians
Preliminary research presented at the annual congress of the Australia and New Zealand Obesity Society suggests that intake of “added” sugars is above recommended levels for more than half of young Australians.
Expert Opinion: Red Herring for Red Meat Consumption
A nutrient used as a dietary supplement, not fat and cholesterol, is the link between red meat consumption and cardiovascular disease.
Expert Opinion: WHO Releases Sugar Guidelines
The World Health Organization has recommended that adults and children reduce their daily intake of sugars, excluding sugar in fruits, vegetables and milk, to less than 10% of their total energy intake. Halving this to six teaspoons per day would provide additional health benefits.
Expert Opinion: Can You Outrun an Unhealthy Diet?
An editorial in the British Journal of Sports Medicine has blamed excess sugar and carbohydrates, and not a lack of exercise, behind the surge in obesity.
Expert Opinion: How Safe Is Australian Honey?
A study has reported that Australian honey has liver-damaging toxins at levels that exceed European standards. How concerned should we be?
The Fit: I Want Your Body
One-quarter of women would give up 3 years of their lives to be their ideal weight, but what do people believe is the ideal body?
The Fit: When Can Weight Loss Be Dangerous?
Unless they are extremely obese to start with, people who lose weight die younger.
The Fit: The Truth about Screen Time and Kids’ Health
A number of health outcomes have been attributed to the amount of time children spend in front of screens, but look a little deeper and a different picture emerges.
The Fit: The Truth about the Average Adult Energy Intake
Nutritional labels on food state that the average adult consumes 8700 kJ/day, but isn’t this a bit low?
The Fit: What Two Experiments that Could Never Be Repeated Tell Us about Weight Loss
Starvation and overfeeding studies reveal extreme differences in how we gain and lose weight.
The Fit: Biggest Losers, Biggest Gainers
How much weight can we lose or gain, and how quickly?
The Fit: Pure, White, But Maybe Not So Deadly
Is there something uniquely unhealthy about sugar above and beyond the excess calories?
The Fit: The “Obesity Paradox” Paradox
Three recent studies have cast new darkness on the paradox that overweight adults are more likely to get diseases such as diabetes yet seem to live longer.
The Fit: Biggest Loser Provides Food for Thought
Contestants on The Biggest Loser have provided some startling evidence explaining why it’s difficult to keep weight off after dieting.
Lowe Tech: Sustainable Food Production on the Menu
A scientific report has set targets for a healthy diet derived from sustainable food production.
Naked Skeptic: The Best Research Money Can Buy
Why is Swisse funding research into the effectiveness of its vitamins when the TGA requires it to have such evidence prior to their listing?
Naked Skeptic: Milks Ain’t Milk
Milk is sold as full fat, low fat, fat-free, permeate-free, organic, A2 or unpasteurised, but do the health benefits match the marketing hype?
Naked Skeptic: The Sweet, Simple Things of Life
From artificial sweeteners to fruit, sugars give wellness warriors a sugar high.
Up Front: Obesity Is Winning the Hunger Games
Can a sugar tax save us if obesity has already permanently suppressed the satiety signals that tell us to stop eating?
Up Front: A Sour Taste from Artificial Sweeteners
The food industry has been accused of influencing research that it sponsors.
Odd Spot: Food in Space
This infographic will take you on a journey through the evolution of food in space, show you the challenges of eating in zero gravity, educate you on space food preparation processes, and explain why food is such an important factor in keeping the astronauts sane.
Online Feature: New evidence lifts the stakes on the meat vs fish debate
Two recent papers have shed more light on the benefits of fish oils and the reasons why red meat might be bad for you.
Online Feature: Sex, Food and Pseudoscience
Sexcereal is a his-and-hers line of breakfast cereals that claims to boost your love life.
Online Feature: Sugar is toxic to mice in 'safe' doses
Three soft drinks daily affect lifespan, reproduction
Online Feature: Health Check: are you eating the right sorts of fibre?
Getting enough fibre is important, but getting a combination of fibre is imperative for good digestive health.
Online Feature: Sweet enough? Separating fact from fiction in the sugar debate
What is the scientific evidence for reducing the WHO's recommended maximum sugar intake?
Online Feature: The exclusive on exclusion diets
What is the evidence for diets that focus on food exclusion?
Online Feature: New genes involved in food preferences will revolutionise diets and improve health
New understanding of the genes involved in taste perception and food preferences could lead to personalised nutrition plans effective not just in weight loss but in avoiding diseases.
Online Feature: Eating healthily during the week but bingeing on weekends is not OK for your gut Online Feature: Gluten- and casein-free diet makes a meal of autism science
Online Feature: Whole grains are better for you but they're no panacea
Eating whole grain foods is considered better for your health than refined grain foods, but whole grains may have a role in inflammation.
Feature: Australian sugary drinks tax could prevent thousands of heart attacks and strokes and save 1600 lives
A 20% rise in the price of soft drinks and flavoured mineral waters would save lives and reduce cardiovascular disease in Australia.
Browse: Mutation Challenges Theories on Evolution and High-Carb Diets Online Feature: US set to restrict trans fats, but should Australia follow?
While Australia has few specific regulations around trans fats, US food manufacturers will soon need permission to include them in their products. Should Australia be doing more to remove trans fats from its food supply?
conSCIENCE: Foodies May Be Our True Dietary Messiahs
The facts and figures in the Australian Dietary Guidelines are less influential on our dietary habits than the enthusiastic narratives of food cooked up by gastronomes.