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Articles related to neuroscience

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Cover Story: Brain Circuits that Control Drinking
Cutting-edge genetic technology has revealed how the “love hormone” oxytocin protects us from drinking too much, and could lead to a better understanding of the brain circuitry underlying mental illnesses.
Browse: Immune Phases Influence Depression
Browse: Inconsistent Reaction Time Predicts Mortality Browse: Low Blood Sugar in Newborns Linked to Later Difficulties
Browse: Gender Behaviours Inherited from Social Environment Browse: Electromagnetic Stimulation Reorganises Brain
Browse: Financial Decisions Influenced by Light Intensity
Feature: Neural Interfaces: From Disability to Enhancement
Neuroprosthetic arms, mind-controlled exoskeletons and brain–computer interfaces are already enabling the disabled, but what happens when these and other devices become mainstream consumer products that blur the lines between enhanced human and machine?
Feature: Neurogenesis in the Emotion-Processing Centre of the Brain
The generation of neurons during adulthood can affect our behaviour and alter our mood, so the discovery that this occurs in the amygdala could lead to new strategies for the treatment of anxiety-related disorders.
Browse: Brain Structure a Biomarker for Financial Risk Tolerance
Browse: The Brain Is Strobing, Not Constant
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Cover Story: Why Our Brain Craves Random Noise
Sensory deprivation, dreams, hallucinations and the detection of familiar patterns in clouds and repetitive sounds reveal our brain’s determination to make meaning from random noise.
Feature: How We Sense Time
Our sense of time is critical to our everyday experience, from consciousness to movement and learning.
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Feature: Cloudy with a Chance of Seizure
Just as we check the weather forecast to plan our daily activities, people with epilepsy will soon be able to check personalised seizure forecasts to determine their risk and take necessary precautions.
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Feature: Chasing the Meaning of Zero
It took early mathematicians until 400 BC to determine the concept of zero, yet the simple bee brain can be trained to recognise an “empty set” within a few hours.
Feature: Stem Cells Short-Circuit Nerve Diseases
Brain stem cells can be stimulated to produce cells that insulate neurons, offering hope for patients with multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
Feature: Positive Minds Wire Our Brains for Tough Times
Positive feelings are linked to brain development in teenagers, giving neuroscientists insights into why people differ in their resilience to stress and other mental health conditions later in life.
Feature: Running for your Life
Exercise can improve the way the brain functions, even in cases of brain trauma. Here’s why.
Feature: The Light Bulb Moment for Brain Development
Some elegant experiments in zebrafish have revealed how sensory experience during infancy can have long-lasting effects on the brain.
Feature: Cognitive Impairment During Pregnancy: Myth or Reality?
While reports of cognitive decline throughout pregnancy are widespread, evidence has been inconclusive. Until now.
Feature: Brain Patterns Put ADHD in Focus
Brain scans are revealing the neurobiology underlying specific symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and raising the prospect of individualised treatments.
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Feature: Your Face Is Your Fortune
Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, but there is an additional treasure-trove of information still to be mined from new ways of looking at people's varying faces.
Browse: Exercise Helps Brain Repair
Gentle exercise improves the capacity of the brain to rewire itself, including the ability to restore functions unrelated to the exercise. However, it is important not to overdo things, as strenuous exercise can interfere with brain redevelopment.
Browse: Bigger brains could help us see better
Bigger brain areas could have evolved to help us perceive more, and more accurately, according to a new study published by scientists at the University of Bath.
Browse: Air pollution linked to brain alterations and cognitive impairment in children Browse: Want to Remember Your Dreams? Try Taking Vitamin B6
Browse: The Importance of Eye Contact Debunked The Bitter Pill: Does Chronic Fatigue Syndrome have a Neurological Origin?
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome may result from damage to a small but critical brain structure.
Expert Opinion: Smoking Dope Just Once as a Teen Could Change Your Brain
Teenagers who say they have only smoked cannabis once or twice have both structural and cognitive changes to their brains.
Neuropsy: This Is Not My Beautiful Wife
The Capgras delusion raises interesting questions about how the brain attaches emotional responses to familiar faces.
Neuropsy: Face Off
Do motoring enthusiasts recognise cars in the same way people recognise faces?
Neuropsy: Consciousness Revealed
Can consciousness be detected by neuroimaging?
Neuropsy: The Man that Hath No Music in Himself
A study of people who don’t respond to music finds differences in the brain’s reward system.
Neuropsy: An Honest Face
The brain decides whether an unfamiliar face is trustworthy, even before it is consciously perceived.
Neuropsy: All of This Has Happened Before
A new case report shows that déjà vu can be persistent, debilitating and psychogenic.
Neuropsy: Memory Surgery
Recent discoveries about memory modification open the way to erasing traumatic memories.
Neuropsy: Things that Go Bang in the Night
Exploding head syndrome, which results from neurological dysfunction during the sleep–wake transition, may be more widespread than realised.
Neuropsy: No Matter Who You Vote For
A new study sheds light on how your brain decides your vote.
Neuropsy: Personality Influenced by Brain Structure
Individual differences in personality have been associated with structural variation in the cortex.
Neuropsy: Every Day I Hear the Book
Some readers “hear” characters speaking to them, even when the book is finished.
Neuropsy: Wired for Sound?
A new study proposes a biological cause for misophonia – the pathological hatred of sounds.
Neuropsy: The Mystery of Agatha’s Amnesia
A popular fictional theme, psychogenic amnesia is a possible consequence of stress or trauma.
Neuropsy: Seeing Is Believing
Illusory pattern perception is associated with a belief in conspiracy theories.
Neuropsy: Rise and Shine, Soldier!
Army research suggests that the timing of your caffeine hit is more important than the amount consumed.
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Neuropsy: The Moving Finger Writes, and Tells a Ghost Story
A reduced sense of personal agency persuades Ouija board users to believe in ghostly messages.
Neuropsy: Too Many Choices
Decisions are most easily made when the right number of options are available.
Neuropsy: What Makes Words Funny?
A new study predicts the most amusing words in the English language.
Publish or Perish: Books: We Write, Read, Love, Need Them
Why write books? For some, it's a need — to find out what we think, and get the record down for all of history to see. And in science, there's the need to update what's known, something Emeritus Professor John Bradshaw has done.
Quandary: Locked-in’s Challenge to Autonomy
Four patients with locked-in syndrome have communicated that they are happy as long as they receive adequate care at home.
Up Close: Susan Greenfield: Fifty shades of grey matter
Neuroscientist and synaptic pharmacologist Prof Baroness Susan Greenfield discusses how neuroscience sheds light on our understanding of consciousness.
Up Close: Spin doctors: Identifying and treating human balance disorders
Neurologist Dr David Szmulewicz describes the human balance system, and what’s going on in our brains and ears when we experience vertigo.
Up Close: Sequencing seizures: Discovering new genetic mutations behind epilepsy
Neurologist Prof Sam Berkovic and molecular geneticist Prof David Goldstein describe their work uncovering chance mutations that cause childhood epilepsy.
Up Close: Brain traces: Neurobiology's emerging insights into schizophrenia and its treatment
Molecular biologist Prof Brian Dean talks about how both post-mortem and live imaging investigations of brain biology are helping to identify new treatment targets for the multifaceted condition of schizophrenia.
Up Close: Music and mind: Can Mozart really sharpen your neural connections?
Cognitive psychologist Prof Glenn Schellenberg scrutinises the relationship between music and cognitive development.
Up Close: Brain of the beholder: The neuroscience of beauty
Doyen of the field of neuroesthetics Prof Semir Zeki explains the neuronal behaviour that underlies perceptions of ‘beauty’.
Up Close: Molecular gaze: How discoveries in the life sciences are changing our identities and politics
Prof. Nikolas Rose explores how scientific developments have changed conceptions of human identity and governance, and what this means for our political, socio-economic and legal futures.
Up Close: The cost of cognition: The blessing and curse of human brain complexity
Neuroscientist Prof Seth Grant explains how genetics gave rise to the modern human brain, and how the very complexity that characterises our brains makes them vulnerable to neurological diseases that reveal themselves in mental illness.
Up Close: Mind shift: How always-on digital technologies are changing our brains
Neuroscientist Prof Baroness Susan Greenfield examines the scientific bases of how constantly-on digital environments may bring about changes in our brains.
Up Close: MRI: Window into the brain
Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or MRI, has revolutionized modern medicine, allowing us to see detailed structure of the human brain. PhD students Charles Malpas and Bernd Merkel discuss their research into applying MRI as a tool to investigate diseased and healthy brains to help fine tune our understanding of how the brain works.
Up Close: Brain ever changing: Neuroplasticity and its role in mental health
Behavioural neuroscientist Prof Anthony Hannan gives a neuro-researcher’s view of the dynamic, bidirectional interplay of brain and body, and the protective and destructive implications for both our mental and physical health.
Up Close: Thought Controlled Futures
We talk to the people behind revolutionary technologies enabling people to control movement and manipulate objects using their thoughts alone. In particular, we take a look at the stentrode, a metal scaffold implanted in a blood vessel, that allows brain activity to be recorded and commands generated to control a full-body exoskeleton.
Up Close: Decision neuroscience: Emerging insights into the way we choose
Decision science researcher Prof Peter Bossaerts argues that investigating brain activity as we make decisions is generating new insights into how we deal with uncertainty and risk. Once the domain of economists and psychologists, the study of human decision-making is increasingly taking a neuron-level view, with implications well beyond economics and finance.
Up Close: Recovery from stroke: Harnessing the brain's capacity to overcome disability
Stroke rehabilitation researcher Prof. Julie Bernhardt discusses the state of the science in stroke recovery. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Prof Bernhardt and her team develop and test new exercises and rehabilitation measures that aim not only to reduce disability but promote recovery. This includes renewed attention to precise timing of therapeutic interventions, and to environmental enrichment of clinical spaces.
Online Feature: Exercise and prosper: lessons about the brain from the bomb
New research proves that neurons are created throughout life in a critical part of the human hippocampus.
Online Feature: Stem cell research reveals clues to brain disease
The development of new drugs for improving treatment of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease is a step closer after recent research into how stem cells migrate and form circuits in the brain.
Online Feature: Brain scans may help diagnose dyslexia
Differences in a key language structure can be seen even before children start learning to read.
Online Feature: Back to Basics: The Magician’s Apprentice 50 Years On
The prefix "neuro" these days appears before so many other existing disciplines – neuroethics, neurophilosophy, neuroeconomics and neuroforensics – but can all these disciplines be better comprehended and mastered through the lens of brain mechanisms?
Online Feature: Why brain stimulation isn't what it's cracked up to be
Online Feature: Explainer: how the brain changes when we learn to read Browse: Foetal Motor Neuron Imbalance Hard-Wires Later Problems
Browse: Hallucinations Associated with Brain Hyperactivity in People with Age-Related Blindness Feature: A Scientist’s Defense of Free Will
Why scientists should not jump to the unwarranted conclusion that free will is just an illusion.