Australasian Science: Australia's authority on science since 1938

Articles related to biochemistry

A Chroococcidiopsis colony containing both normal and “far-red” photosynthetic c
Cover Story: Extreme Photosynthesis: How Life on Earth Could Survive on Mars
The discovery of a new form of photosynthesis extends the limits where life can survive on Earth, and might provide a first step to terraforming Mars.
Browse: Breast Cancer Starved by Meat and Dairy Nutrient
Credit: agsandrew/iStockphoto
Feature: A Catalyst for Life
A chemical found in hair bleach may have catalysed life, and can even explain why new life is no longer being created from non-living building blocks on modern Earth.
Browse: Gold Nanoparticles Reduce Side-Effects of Arthritis Drug
Browse: Carrots and Parsley Assist Chemotherapy
New Zealand researchers have identified compounds in carrots and parsley that may lead to more effective delivery of chemotherapy treatments.
Browse: Sensor Protein Tells Cells to Burn Fat
Credit: natasnow/Adobe
Feature: Keeping Up with the Kids
Children seem to be able to play for hours without tiring. Only now are we beginning to understand the physiological reasons why.
Credit: iStockphoto/yulkapopkova
Cover Story: Tattoo Inks: Poison Pigments?
Allergy and infection are two causes for caution when contemplating a tattoo. But are tattoo pigments toxic, and do they increase the risk of cancer?
 Credit: Frog 974/Adobe
Cover Story: Could Sugarcane Prevent Diabetes?
When sugar is refined we are discarding antioxidants that not only temper metabolic diseases but can also restore insulin production.
Photo: Ruth Arcus
Feature: Enzyme Evolution Reveals Earth’s Inhospitable Past
The reconstruction of a one-billion-year-old enzyme paints a picture of a hot and hostile past.
Cover of the March 2014 edition of Plant Cell. Artwork by Scot Nicholls, Domokun
Feature: A Protein Is Born
It used to be thought that new proteins only evolved as a result of gradual changes to existing genes, but recent studies are showing that completely new genes and proteins often evolve suddenly. Now Australian researchers have predicted the biochemical events that allowed an enzyme-blocking protein to evolve “from scratch” in sunflowers.
Feature: The Chlorophyll Conundrum
A scientist’s 50-year research journey is finally about to reveal not only that high chlorophyll levels don’t improve wheat yields through more efficient photosynthesis, but that the opposite may be true.
Feature: Why There’s No Gain Without Pain
Most people know all too well the feeling of muscle soreness after unaccustomed exercise, but now the cell physiology of the recovery process has been explained.
Feature: Malaria Drugs Offer New Herbicide Targets
A relic chloroplast in the malaria parasite opens the prospect of developing a new generation of herbicides from anti-malaria drugs.
Feature: Platypus Venom Spurs Diabetes Treatment
Radical evolutionary changes in a hormone involved in glucose control might lead to a new treatment for type 2 diabetes derived from platypus venom.
Browse: Retina Metabolism Resembles Cancer
Browse: Cadmium’s Toxic Trick Browse: Sweet Revenge against Superbugs
Browse: Biofuel Biochemistry Can Beat the Food vs Fuel Dilemma Browse: Rogue Molecules Trigger Autoimmunity
Browse: Snake Peptide Puts the Bite on Superbugs Up Close: Pore me another: Understanding how toxins target and overcome membranes
Chemistry researchers Prof Frances Separovic and Prof Terry Lybrand discuss the biology of membranes, how toxins interact with membranes, and how these processes can be modelled.
Online Feature: Nobel prizewinners took chemistry from pipettes to programming
The 2013 Nobel Prize for Chemistry has been awarded for research that has revolutionised our understanding of how enzymes control the chemistry in our bodies.
Browse: Epilepsy Cure from a Tarantula
Browse: Moss polysaccharide discovery likened to beta glucen
A polysaccharide discovered in moss is showing the potential to be exploited for health, industrial and medical uses.