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The self-driving trolley problem: how will future AI systems make the most ethical choices for all of us?


Artificial intelligence (AI) is already making decisions in the fields of business, health care and manufacturing. But AI algorithms generally still get help from people applying checks and making the final call.

Originally published in The Conversation.

Harder foods make for stronger skulls, giving hand-reared animals the best chance of survival in the wild

Marcus Byrne/Unsplash, CC BY-SA

Each year, thousands of wild animals across the world are rescued.

Originally published in The Conversation.

Australia's marine industries deliver $80b a year. But without more scientists, the 'blue economy' is at risk

Australia is a marine nation. First Nations people have deep and unbroken connections to sea, 85% of us live within 50km of the coast, and our ocean territory is twice that of our land mass.

A large part of our economy – the “blue economy” – depends on the sea: tourism, ports, energy, transport, fisheries and aquaculture, and emerging industries like renewable energy, offshore aquaculture, and biotechnology.

Originally published in The Conversation.

Every dollar invested in research and development creates $3.50 in benefits for Australia, says new CSIRO analysis

IMG CSIRO, Author provided

Each dollar invested in research and development (R&D) would earn an average of A$3.50 in economy-wide benefits for Australia, according to evidence compiled in a The Conversation.

Just like how humans recognise faces, bees are born with an innate ability to find and remember flowers

Scarlett Howard, Author provided

We’ve all watched a honeybee fly past us and land on a nearby flower. But how does she know what she’s looking for?

Originally published in The Conversation.

Cell-cultured breastmilk: scientists want to give formula-fed babies another option


Science has made impressive gains in the art of producing animal products minus the animal. Now this emerging field of cellular agriculture is taking on its biggest challenge yet: breastmilk.

Originally published in The Conversation.

Tonight's 'eclipse moonrise' will put on a special twilight show for most of Australia

As the full Moon rises tonight, it won’t be as lovely and bright as usual – but it will be fascinating. Across most of Australia, the Moon will be partially shrouded in Earth’s shadow, undergoing a partial lunar eclipse as it rises.

A lunar eclipse happens roughly every six months somewhere on Earth. For most of the year, the Moon’s orbit takes it above or below Earth’s shadow, but during an eclipse the full Moon travels through it.

Originally published in The Conversation.

How do police forensic scientists investigate a case? A clandestine gravesite recovery expert explains

Brendan Chapman, Author provided

Recent high-profile missing persons cases, including that of William Tyrrell – who went missing in Kendall, New South Wales, at the age of three in 2014 – have focused public attention

Originally published in The Conversation.

Are our phones really designed to slow down over time? Experts look at the evidence


It’s usually around this time of year you hear people complain about their phones slowing down.

Originally published in The Conversation.