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New Study Maps Hotspots of Human-Animal Infectious Diseases and Emerging Disease Outbreaks

By International Livestock Research Institute

Maps Reveal Animal-borne Disease as Heavy Burden for One Billion of World’s Poor and Emerging Disease Hotspots in US and Western Europe.

A new global study mapping human-animal diseases like tuberculosis (TB) and Rift Valley fever finds that an “unlucky” 13 zoonoses are responsible for 2.4 billion cases of human illness and 2.2 million deaths per year. The vast majority occur in low- and middle-income countries.

The report, which was conducted by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the Institute of Zoology (UK) and the Hanoi School of Public Health in Vietnam, maps poverty, livestock-keeping and the diseases humans get from animals, and presents a “top 20” list of geographical hotspots.

CERN discovers a Higgs-like particle: let the party (and head-scratching) begin

By Martin White

The discovery of the Higgs boson is the most significant finding in particle physics for decades and is potentially capable of solving a long-standing mystery concerning the origin of mass.

Physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, Geneva, have announced the observation of a new particle widely thought to be the elusive Higgs boson.

Turf War Over Who Can Claim The Title Of Acupuncturist

By John Dwyer

Doctors and complementary medicine practitioners are at loggerheads over who can use the title acupuncturist.

Acupuncture is popular and no doubt lucrative for its practitioners. The fact that it doesn’t work seems to be of little relevance, and certainly has not curbed enthusiasm for the application of what is, in effect, a superb placebo.

Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine seem culturally locked into an unshakeable belief in the pre-scientific concepts of a non-existent vital force (Ch’i) transmitted along meridians which, when blocked or imbalanced, cause disease. Trigger spots for acupuncture to correct these problems are said to lie along the meridians.

Rio+20: Who Owns The Green Economy?

By Matthew Rimmer

The Rio+20 summit has raised a number of difficult questions about law and technology.

Science under Siege

By Clive Hamilton

When the denial machine goes after climate scientists it is, as one of them said, like the marines going into battle against boy scouts.

The brutality of the attacks has once again been confirmed by the release of some of the emails sent to Phil Jones, the University of East Anglia climate scientist at the centre of the “Climategate” storm.

The emails make for sickening reading and anyone receiving them would be foolish not to treat the threats as potentially serious.

Australian climate scientists have for some years been receiving the same kind of abuse and threats. Every time Andrew Bolt targets a scientist for criticism he or she receives a torrent of aggression from his legion of followers.

Scientific research spending lags behind smaller countries

By Justin Norrie 

Nations half the size of Australia spend more on scientific research, have higher employment levels for scientists, and greater appeal to foreign investors, according to a report on Australia’s global standing in science.

Although Australia’s rate of spending on research and development is greater than in France, Canada and Britain, it remains well below the rate in smaller Scandinavian nations, according to the report, commissioned by Australia’s chief scientist, Ian Chubb.

Swisse Vitamins highlights the failure of industry self-regulation

By Ken Harvey

Encouraging GPs to “on-sell” products to patients is likely to produce unnecessary or inappropriate prescribing

Swisse Vitamins Pty Ltd has been in the news recently over their Federal Court action to suppress a determination of the Therapeutic Goods Advertising Complaint Resolution Panel (CRP) about a number of their products. And now a new marketing campaign by the company has highlighted the limitations of the complementary medicines industry’s self-regulation.

Genome–Disease Association Studies Defended

By Stephen Luntz

"Failure of candidate gene studies showed how little we knew about the basic causes of most common diseases."

Australian scientists are part of an international defence of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), a technique for determining the causes of disease that they argue has been wrongfully maligned.

GWAS compare the genomes of thousands of people with and without particular diseases. Using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chips, variations in the genome are matched with the presence or absence of a disease trait.

Bill to stop misuse of dangerous technology could hit uni research

By Justin Norrie

The Defence Trade Controls Bill 2011, which restricts the use of materials that could be used in weapons, will inhibit a wide range of scientific research.

A bill designed to stop the transfer of sensitive materials and information would also impede crucial academic research, staff from the University of Sydney have told a senate hearing.

Defining ‘human’ – new fossils provide more questions than answers

By Darren Curnoe

Study finds evidence for new evolutionary line of prehistoric humans in East Asia.

The origin of the human species remains one of the most fascinating and difficult topics of modern science.

One of the main reasons for this is a continuing lack of agreement about how we should define ourselves. In other words, what is it that makes us human (or, scientifically, Homo sapiens)?